The village Panchayat of Rachol comprises of two revenue villages that is Praca de Rachol and Ilha de Rachol and having five wards. Village having total 451 numbers of households and 2085 total population having geographical area of 211.2657 hec. It is believed that Ilha de Rachol which is now part of Rachol was earlier a piece of land surrounded by water. About 500years ago during the Portuguese rule this piece of land was connected by construction of bhand and access to the main village of Raia was through the paddy field in due case the land was occupied by the tribal people namely gawdas (Christain) and accordingly the traditional houses was constructed in line of common wall houses.
These houses were made of mud wall, stones and covered with manglorian roof. These houses were occupied by more than one family which comprises 10 to 15 members. The main traditions and occupation of these villagers were farming and fishing which is maintained till date.Recently somewhere in 1976 the electricity and water connection has been availed to this village and about 98%of the households are having the said facilities. Most of the houses are now taken under Indira Awaas Yojana and upgraded their dwelling houses. The literacy of this village is almost 85% as there are no school facilities, the children’s had to travel in the neighboring village to the distance of 3-4 kms even the primary school facilities are not available except one balwadi functioning in the private premises.
The Rachol village has strong historical background. There exists a Rachol Seminary which is known as the 1st school for Catholic priest in Asia and also a church of Our Lady of Snows which is to be believed the 1st church in the state of Goa. There exist a historical dock/harbor at praca de Rachol on the bank of river Zuari which they said harbor was used for the water transportation route and during that period it was known that Rachol harbor/dock was the main prass for all purpose of transportation. Both the villages are permanently dominated by 98% of tribal people till date. Tourists are attracted to this village due to the existing of historical monuments.